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表紙 Variable Patterns of Tense/Aspect Marking in Interlanguage

by Hiroko Tajika (田近裕子)
初版発行日: 2001.2.15
ISBN 4-89798-607-9
定価:本体 4,286円+税


 One of the characteristics of tense/aspect marking in English interlanguage is that the way verbs are market in obligatory past contexts is highly variable.Although such varible patterns are often said to be random,
it has been claimed that L2 learne
rs have their own reasons for using some systematically variable patterns.The present study investigated two specific issues in tense / aspect marking patterns in English interlanguage using VARBRUL as a statistical tool. (1)What linguistic factors consistently affect past tense marking in English interlanguage? Seven linguistic factors are investigated:discourse type, co-occurrence whith adverbials, grounding, sentence structure, lexical / semantic aspect, phonological environment, and phonetic saliency of verbs.Another issue addressed is : (2) How is lexical / semantic aspect associated with uses of verbal inflection for tense / aspect in Eglish interlanguage?

 The interlanguage data analyzed were produced by adolescent native Japanese speakers learning English (high-intermediate) with a mainly formal instructional background in Japan. They prduced three oral past tense narratives in their L2. From among seven factor groups investigated by VARBRUL analysis,three significantly influenced L2 variable past tense marking rates : discourse type, the foreground vs. background distinction, and sentence structural differences such as matrix / independent clauses, conjunct, and subbordinate clauses. Two factor groups, the lexical / semantic aspect, and phonetic sailency of verbs, showed a non-significant tendency toward contributing to variable patterns of tense marking. Two more factor groups, co-occurrence with "anchored" or "unanchored" adverbials and phonological environment, did not affect vairiable tense marking. It is concluded that it is higher level interlanguage constraints such as discource type, grounding, and sentence structure that more consistently affect verb past making rates for L2 learns who are at a relatively higher proficientry level.

 Concering the second reserch question, a relationship between the English simple past and achivement verbs was identified, and activity verbs were found to attract the progressive.

 The study demonstrates the value of VARBRUL analysis for understanding variable patterns in interlanguage. VARBRUL is very different from the traditional type / token analysis, and we can closely examine variable patterns as they occur. This allows us to analyze and reanalyze data from various points of view.
                 Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Review of the literature
Chapter 3 The research design
Chapter 4 Findings
Chapter 5 Discussion
Chapter 6 Conclusion
Appandix : test for lexical / semantic aspect

ミネソタ大学大学院 English as a Second Language 修士修了同大学院Applied Linguistics(
Second Language Acquisition) Ph.D.

Writting Activator: Communicating Thought and Ideas (共著・三修社)
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イメージで読むリーディング(アルク社)  他

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